A New Independent Component Analysis for
Speech Recognition and Separation
Jen-Tzung Chien and Bo-Cheng Chen
This paper presents a novel nonparametric likelihood ratio (NLR) objective function for independent component analysis (ICA). This function is derived through the statistical hypothesis test of independence of random observations. A likelihood ratio function is developed to measure the confidence towards independence. We accordingly estimate the demixing matrix by maximizing the likelihood ratio function and apply it to transform data into independent component space. Conventionally, the test of independence was established assuming data distributions being Gaussian, which is improper to realize ICA. To avoid assuming Gaussianity in hypothesis testing, we propose a nonparametric approach where the distributions of random variables are calculated using kernel density functions. A new ICA is then fulfilled through the NLR objective function. Interestingly, we apply the proposed NLR-ICA algorithm for unsupervised learning of unknown pronunciation variations. The clusters of speech hidden Markov models are estimated to characterize multiple pronunciations of subword units for robust speech recognition. Also, the NLR-ICA is applied to separate the linear mixture of speech and audio signals. In what follows, we show ICA'99 BSS test samples of source signals, mixed signals and demixed signals using NMI-ICA and NLR-ICA.